Hi, Welcome to all of you On your blog site. Today we will know about What is PPAP? Its 18 elements as per AIAG manual In this session we will cover brief description about the requirement of PPAP Production Part Approval Process, list of document in as per AIAG PPAP manual so that a basic platform can be set to access next step. So requesting to you if you want to learn about this so please read this article carefully from beginning to end and I am confident that your attention during reading surely enhance your skill about What is PPAP? Its 18 elements as per AIAG and as we know we all carried out these things in routine basis. It means your knowledge will enhance and your competency will upgrade .
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In this article mainly we are going to focus on What is PPAP? Its 18 elements as per AIAG.
- Introduction about PPAP
- Defination of what is Production Part Approval Process (PPAP)
- Requirement of PPAP
- Brief Introduction about What is PPAP? Its 18 elements as per AIAG
- When to do PPAP
- Method for carried out PPAP (Production Part Approval Process)
- Level of PPAP
- Elements of PPAP
- Quick Summary
All content item will be covered in this topic and help you to get clear understanding about PPAP document its requirements and different levels of PPAP. Finally you will get understanding about What is PPAP? Its 18 elements as per AIAG so keep focusing on content.
So without wasting the time let’s enjoy the topic
Introduction about PPAP
Production Part Approval Process (PPAP) is one of AIAG core tool which his required to build the confidence of customer in supplier and their production process. It specify the requirement and process which his required to follow by supplier which le he is producing a new part or any other condition which his specified in AIAG manual. Conducting PPAP is also a key requirement of IATF standard for automotive industry. As per IATF an organization need to follow the defined PAPP process and ensure its implementation and Maintain it during production approval of product by customer same has to be followed by the its supplier to avoid any issue in supply chain. After carried out it organization need to retail the record as per customer specific requirement in respect of PPAP.
Defination of what is Production Part Approval Process (PPAP)
PPAP is defined as the approval process for new product or any revision product which is being produced from same process or any new or revised production method .PPAP is a set of document .in this set there are 18 document which hare very important to get approval of nay production process in automotive industry. these all 18 document some of need to submitted to customer or some not need .based on the level of approval .In PPAP there are Five level of approval and documents are being shared as per defined level.it will help to understand about What is PPAP? Its 18 elements as per AIAG.
Requirement of PPAP
It is a key requirement of IATF to carry out PPAP to verify that the supplier understand the customer requirement and he is being able to meet the customer requirement with consistency of producing the product and meet the customer requirement at specified rate without any failure.
Talk about PPAP it is one of the core tools of AIAG.
AIAG stands for automotive industries action group. They are five core tools as per AIAG.
When to do PPAP
As per requirement of IATF Process of PPAP is need to carried out by supplier in case of supplying new part to customer or and revision of existing part ,on any change in current production process etc. there are some key items are mentioned in PPAP manual in respect of requirement in which case PPAP is required to submit
Method for carried out PPAP (Production Part Approval Process)
As we know it’s a process so to perform PPAP there are set of requirement which his need to carried out by suppler prior to ship the produced part to customer .A well standard production line is create and the product ion is run on that line in presence of customer for 8 hours shift or 300 no’s of production parts or any customer specific requirement in respect of PPAP carried out.
Level of PPAP
PPAP is stands for production part approval process so it is activities which is carried out whenever we are going to approve any process that is producing some product.
The process of approving any organisation process is defined on the stages of production because as we know
There are five level of PPAP as per AIAG manual of PPAP. Which are mentioned below:
Level 1 – Submission of only Part Submission Warrant (PSW) to the customer.
First level of PPAP describe by AIAG. In this set of limited documents required to submit to customer at the time of PPAP approval. PSW is mandatory to submit in this level.
Level 2 – Submission of PSW with product samples and limited supporting data as per matrix.
It is second level of people as like level 1 is set of identified document need to submit to customer at the time of PPAP approval. This level of submission is depend on the customer. When customer ask level two people we have to submit they will do people.
Level 3 – Submission of PSW with product samples and complete supporting data (generic level).
Another level of PPAP submission. This is generic level of PPAP. In this level all 18 documents have to submit to customer for approval of PPAP. Customer requirement to share other document that these 18 document that organisation have to share all the document as per customer requirement.
Level 4 – Submission of PSW and other requirements as defined by the customer. This is level 4 people submission in this level customer demands psw and some key documents which are required to approve running production process.
Level 5 –Submission of PSW with product samples and complete supporting data available for review at the supplier’s manufacturing location.
Elements of PPAP:
As we discuss that PPAP is s set of document which hare need to carry out while performing or carried out PPAP process. These documents are the key requirement of PAP which his build the customer confidence that the supplier can meet his requirement without any failure .below are the list of these 18 PPAP documents:
- Design Documentation
2. Engineering Change Documentation
3. Customer Engineering Approval
4. Design Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
5. Process Flow Diagram
6. Process Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
7. Control Plan
8. Measurement System Analysis Studies
9. Dimensional Results
10. Records of Material / Performance Tests
11. Initial Process Studies
12. Qualified Laboratory Documentation
13. Appearance Approval Report
14. Sample Production Parts
15. Master Sample
16. Checking Aids
17. Customer Specific Requirements
18. Part Submission Warrant .
These 18 elements are part of a PPAP package which are identified by AIAG to comply the requirement of PPAP. These all 18 elements are not only element but these are 18 documents.
These 18 documents are linked with each other in a sequential way to perform a process effectively from input to output.
Discuss about these are 18 elements of PPAP which are decided by the AIAG manual.
This 18 elements are not mandatory to submit at the time of PPAP submission but these all 18 elements are submitted according to level of PPAP.
PPAP having five levels of submission in which documents are identified out of these 18 elements which are required to submit according to level.
The person who is preparing and submit PPAP must have complete knowledge about PPAP requirements as per AIAG PPAP manual.
PPAP is not a invention it is requirements of top OEM customer which having multiple set of documents in it.
So it’s very important to choose documents as defined level.
The best level of PPAP submission is used word wide is level 3 in which all these 18 documents are submitted to customer.
When when you will be read AIAG PPAP manual you will find that in some levels of PPAP it is only 4 to 5 documents are required to submit.
Which is mandatory to submit for PPAP app approval is PSW( part submission warrant).
For details of PFD AIAG PPAP manual can refer and use the specific layout use for PFD design.
Yes we have to consider the rejected part in PPAP as COPQ because COPQ is related to cost that waste on rejection which can be any type.
In brief if you talk about the article on What is PPAP? Its 18 elements as per AIAG . During this whole topic we focused on PPAP it’s requirement. PPAP is a systematic process which his defined to maintain a common platform at supplier end so that he can meet the customer requirement without any failure and it build the confidence of customer in respect of supplier .This complete process describe that the supplier understand the requirement of customer in respect of product and he is capable to meet the requirement without any failure, this process is carried out to avoid major failure in supply chain of process. This complete process is approved by customer hence only after approval of PPAP a supplier can ship product to customer end.
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What is PPAP? Its 18 elements as per AIAG